Egyptian police killed 40 suspects in a crackdown on Saturday after a roadside bomb hit a tour bus claiming the lives of three Vietnamese holidaymakers and an Egyptian guide.
Thirty alleged terrorists were killed in separate raids in Giza governorate, home to Egypt s famed pyramids and the scene of Friday s deadly bombing, while 10 others were killed in the restive North Sinai, the interior ministry said without directly linking them to the attack.
It said authorities had received information the suspects were preparing a spate of attacks targeting state institutions, particularly economic ones, as well as tourism, armed forces, police and Christian places of worship.
A security source said the raids took place early Saturday morning, hours after Friday evening s roadside bombing which officials said hit a tour bus in the Al-Haram district near the Giza pyramids killing the three Vietnamese holidaymakers and their Egyptian guide.
Eleven other tourists from Vietnam and an Egyptian bus driver were wounded, the public prosecutor s office said.
Saigon Tourist, the company that organised the trip, said the tourists were on their way to a restaurant for dinner when the bomb exploded.
Company officials were heading to Cairo on Saturday and plans were made to allow some relatives of the victims to also fly to Egypt.
One of them was Nguyen Nguyen Vu whose sister Nguyen Thuy Quynh, 56, died in the bombing, while her husband, Le Duc Minh, was wounded.
The couple, both aged 56, were in the seafood business, Quynh s younger brother said.
We were all very shocked… My sister and her husband travel quite a lot and they are quite experienced in travelling abroad, Vu said.
He said he was applying for a visa for Egypt and hoped to travel on Saturday. Our wish is that we could bring my sister back home.
Vietnam s foreign ministry spokeswoman Le Thi Thu Hang thanked Egyptians who were caring for the survivors.
Vietnam is very angry and strongly condemns the terrorist act that killed and injured many innocent Vietnamese and has asked Egypt to soon open an investigation, chase and give harsh punishment to those who carried out these terrorist act, she said in a statement.
There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the bombing, the first attack to target tourists since 2017.
Friday s attack was the latest blow to Egypt s vital tourism industry, which has been reeling from turmoil set off by the 2011 uprising that forced veteran president Hosni Mubarak from power.
While tourism has picked up since 2011, the 8.2 million people who visited Egypt in 2017 are still a far cry from the 14.7 million who visited in the year before the uprising.
Yesterday s attack undermines the Egyptian government s very determined message that the country is safe for tourists, said Zack Gold, a US-based expert on Middle East security issues.
Egypt has been seeking to lure tourists back by touting new archaeological discoveries and bolstering security around archaeological sites and in airports.
It is also planning to open a major museum near the Giza pyramids — the only surviving structures of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
In July 2017, two German tourists were stabbed to death by a suspected jihadist at the Red Sea resort of Hurghada.
In October 2015, a bomb claimed by a local affiliate of the Islamic State group killed 224 people on board a passenger jet carrying Russian tourists home from the Sinai peninsula.
Before Friday s bombing security forces were already on high alert ahead of New Year celebrations and the Coptic Christmas on January 7.
Pope Francis said he was deeply saddened by the attack on holidaymakers, in a telegram to the Egyptian presidency which was signed by his number two Pietro Parolin.
In deploring this senseless and brutal act, he prays for the victims and their families, for the injured and for the emergency personnel who generously came to their aid, the telegram said.
The blast and the subsequent police raids come as Egypt battles a persistent jihadist insurgency in the North Sinai, which surged after the 2013 overthrow by the army of Mubarak s Islamist successor Mohamed Morsi.
Jihadists linked to the Islamic State group have claimed responsibility for previous attacks, including against Egypt s Coptic Christian minority who make up about 10 per cent of the population.
The army launched a large-scale operation dubbed Sinai 2018 in February to rid the Sinai of jihadists after an attack on a mosque in the north of the peninsula killed more than 300 people. The army says that hundreds of suspected jihadists have been killed since the campaign was launched.